Osseointegration has been established as a promising approach for the reconstruction of amputated limbs, particularly for amputees suffering from traditional socket prosthesis (TSP). While Osseointegration was originally developed with a screw fixation design, several Osseointegration devices adopting a modern press-fit design have also been introduced. In this study, medium-term outcomes for patients with the two most common press-fit osseointegration implant used worldwide are analysed.
Materials and Methods
This is a cross-sectional analysis containing a cohort of Osseointegration patients treated in several centres worldwide. We analyzed a total of 93 patients with an average follow-up time of 6.52 years. Functional, Mobility and patient reported outcomes were collected pre-operatively and during follow-up. All postoperative adverse events (infection, revision surgery, fractures, and implant failures) were also analyzed.
Crude analysis of the data indicated that all 93 patients continue to use their osseointegrated prosthesis. Significant improvements for all outcome measures were observed. However, several adverse events including 19 implant revisions, 8 periprosthetic fractures and 43 surgical debridements were also reported. A detailed analysis was performed on each adverse event type to evaluate possible causes.
At 5 years post-surgery, Osseointegration continues to provide amputees with improvements on function and quality of life which were previously unattainable with socket prosthesis. However, the benefits are accompanied with a relatively high risk of adverse events. Further research in standardizing clinical practice and the development of better implant may offer a reduction to these risks.