Over the past 40 years of knee arthroplasty, significant advances have been made in the design of knee implants, resulting in high patient satisfaction. Patellar tracking has been central to improving the patient experience, with modern designs including an optimized Q-angle, deepened trochlear groove, and thin anterior flange.[1–4] Though many of today's femoral components are specific for the left and right sides, Total Joint Orthopedics’ (TJO) Klassic® Knee System features a universal design to achieve operating room efficiencies while providing all the advancements of a modern knee. The Klassic Femur achieves this through a patented double Q-angle to provide excellent patellar tracking whether implanted in the left or the right knee (Figure 1). The present study examines a prospective cohort of 145 consecutive TKA's performed using a modern universal femur and considers patients’ pre- and post-operative Knee Society Clinical Rating System score (KSS).
METHODS AND MATERIALS
145 primary total knee arthroplasties (TKA) were performed during the study using a measured resection technique with a slope-matching tibial cut for all patients. The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) was sacrificed to accommodate an ultra-congruent polyethylene insert. The distal femur was cut at five degrees (5°) valgus; the tibia was resected neutral (0°) alignment for valgus legs and in two degrees (2°) of varus for varus alignment. The patella was resurfaced for all patients. Patients were followed annually for up to 46 months and were evaluated using the KSS score on a 200-point scale.
The final study group comprised 127 primary TKAs. The average age was 68 years (51–90) with 45 males and 68 females. The average weight was 110kg (range: 75–151kg) for men and 88kg (range: 50–129kg) for women. One patient deceased during the follow-up period, four required manipulation under anesthesia, and two required revision for periprosthetic joint infection. There were no failures due to patellar maltracking. No special soft tissue releases were required in any patient. Average pre-operative knee score was 107, improving to 182 at average follow-up of 41 months (36–46 months). Results are summarized in Table 1.
The improvement in patient clinical experience demonstrates that a universal femoral design can achieve excellent results if it incorporates modern technologies. A double Q-angle design with a deepened trochlear groove and a thin anterior flange appears to provide excellent patellar tracking for all patients in this cohort.
This study is limited to the experience of a single institution. Further study would improve the extensibility of these findings. It does show, however, that a femur using a universal design with modern patellar tracking can improve patient satisfaction with their knee following TKA.
For any figures or tables, please contact the authors directly.