The different biodegradable local antibiotic delivery systems are widely used in recent years. The aim of this study was to evaluate the bactericidal activity antibiotic loaded PerOssal pellet in vitro and its effectiveness in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus induced chronic osteomyelitis.
Material and methods
MALDI-TOF have been applied to microbiological diagnosis in patient with osteomyelitis. In most cases, Staphylococcus aureus was isolated. In vitro Ceftriaxone-Loaded PerOssal pellet were placed in middle agar plate containing a stock strain of Staphylococcus aureus. Plates were incubated at 37ºC for 24 hours. The zones of bacterial inhibition were recorded after 24, 48 and 72 hours of incubation. In vivo evaluation was performed by prospectively studying of 21 patients with a clinically and bacteriologically diagnosed Staphylococcus aureus induced osteomyelitis. Mean age was 38±4,2(26 to 53)). After radical surgical debridement and ultrasound cavitation, the bone cavity was full filled with Perosal pellets loaded with different antibiotics depending from the antibiotic sensitivity test. Endpoints were the absence of clinical manifestation of infection or disease recurrence, no need for further surgery.
In vitro showed after 24 hrs inhibition zone was 4,2 х 4,9 cm, after 72 hrs the inhibition zone was increased till 7,6 х 8,4 cm. During the subsequent time, there were no changes. Results of the clinical study evidenced no signs of infection in 18 patients (86% (CI 69,8;100)) (p<0,05) at the follow up, while 3 (14%(CI 0;30,2)) (p<0,05) subjects showed infection recurrence at 6 months from operation and 2 of them needed further surgical procedures.
PerOssal as an antibiotic carrier stabilizes the action of the antibiotic. This antibiotic carrier system allows to choose an antibiotic individually for each patient according to the antibiotic sensitivity test and can be successfully used in clinical cases of osteomyelitis.