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Children's Orthopaedics

Ultrasound-guided gradual reduction using flexion and abduction continuous traction for developmental dysplasia of the hip

a new method of treatment

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We describe our experience in the reduction of dislocation of the hip secondary to developmental dysplasia using ultrasound-guided gradual reduction using flexion and abduction continuous traction (FACT-R). During a period of 13 years we treated 208 Suzuki type B or C complete dislocations of the hip in 202 children with a mean age of four months (0 to 11). The mean follow-up was 9.1 years (five to 16). The rate of reduction was 99.0%. There were no recurrent dislocations, and the rate of avascular necrosis of the femoral head was 1.0%. The rate of secondary surgery for residual acetabular dysplasia was 19.2%, and this was significantly higher in those children in whom the initial treatment was delayed or if other previous treatments had failed (p = 0.00045). The duration of FACT-R was significantly longer in severe dislocations (p = 0.001) or if previous treatments had failed (p = 0.018).

This new method of treatment is effective and safe in these difficult cases and offers outcomes comparable to or better than those of standard methods.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B:405–11.

Correspondence should be sent to Dr K. Fukiage; e-mail:

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