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The European Orthopaedic Research Society (EORS) 2018 Meeting, PART 2, Galway, Ireland, September 2018.


Macromolecular crowding (MMC) is a biophysical phenomenon that accelerates thermodynamic activities and biological processes by several orders of magnitude. Herein, we ventured to identify the optimal crowder and to assess the influence of MMC in umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell. 7 types of carrageenan (κ&λ, κ-LV1, κ-LV2, λ-MV, λ-HV, ι-MV, ι-HV) acted as crowder and biophysical properties were assessed respectively. Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells were seeded at 15,000 cells/cm2 in 24 well plates and allowed to attach for 24 h. Subsequently, the medium was changed to medium with 7 types of carrageenan (10, 50, 100, 500 μg/ml) and 100 μM L-ascorbic acid phosphate (Sigma Aldrich). Medium without carrageenan was used as control. Cell morphology and SDS-PAGE analysis were conducted after 3, 5 and 7 days. Biophysical assessment showed 7 types of carrageenan have increased particle size with concentration, good polydispersity and negative charges. SDS-PAGE and densitometric analyses revealed significant increase (p < 0.001) in collagen deposition in the presence of 10 μg/ml carrageenan λ and ι at all the time points. SDS-PAGE and densitometric analysis also showed that the highest collagen deposition was observed in culture at 50 μg/ml carrageenan λ. No significant difference was observed in cell morphology between the groups. Collectively, these data primarily illustrate the beneficial effect of carrageenan λ in human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell culture.