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7th Congress of the European Federation of National Associations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Lisbon - 4-7 June, 2005


Introduction: In living normal knee the lateral femoral condyle rolls posteriorly more than the medial side to the extent that in deep flexion the lateral femoral condyle sublux from the tibial surface(Nakagawa et al). The purpose of this presentation is to study the tibiofemoral movement in patients who had full flexion after total knee replacements and to compare it with that of normal knee.

Materials and Methods: 23 knees were scanned using SIEMENS SIREMOBILE Iso-C with 3D Extension C-arm. The system is able reconstruct 3D images that can be viewed from deferent angle and precise measurements of distances between the deferent components of the implant can be made. The knee was scanned while the patient is sitting in kneeling position with the calf touching the thigh (flexion of over 150degree).

Results: All the cases studied showed a variable roll back between the medial and lateral femoral condyle. In all cases the lateral roll back was much more than the medial. In 14 cases we confirmed lateral condyle subluxation similar to what is seen in normal knee. The position of the foot (internal or external rotation) during scanning did not affect the lateral femoral condyle role back.

Discussion: Although previous studies have shown paradoxical types of tibiofemoral movement in patients who have total knee replacements throughout the range of movement, the knees in patients who had full flexion after TKA tend to have the same tibiofemoral movement as the normal knee in deep flexion. The lateral femoral condyles spin off or subluxation could adversely affect the implant components especially if the design does not accommodate this movement.

Conclusion: The lateral femoral condyle may sublux from the tibia during kneeling in patients who have full flexion after TKA. These findings should call for changes in the implant design to accommodate the lateral condyle roll back.

Theses abstracts were prepared by Professor Roger Lemaire. Correspondence should be addressed to EFORT Central Office, Freihofstrasse 22, CH-8700 Küsnacht, Switzerland.