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Vibration arthrography as a diagnostic aid in diseases of the knee. A preliminary report

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The detection and recording of vibration emission from human joints, a technique which we have termed "vibration arthrography", is a sensitive, non-invasive method for the objective study of the locomotor system. Using vibration sensors attached to bony prominences around the knee, we studied the joints of both normal and symptomatic subjects. Normal subjects produced three signal types--physiological patellofemoral crepitus, patellar clicks, and the lateral band signal. In symptomatic subjects we identified and categorised many signal types and related them to pathology. Lesions of the menisci produced distinctive signals, and it was possible not only to lateralise the tear, but in many cases to determine the type of meniscal injury present. Vibration arthrography promises to be a useful tool in the non-invasive diagnosis of knee disorders.

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